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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, known as GERD, happens when your stomach contents, including stomach acid, go back up the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries food and liquids from your throat to the stomach. The unpleasant symptoms of this disease are known as “heartburn,” and they have been associated with a cough.

Heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can trigger asthma symptoms. Try the following to reduce reflux symptoms:

  • Eat smaller meals.
  • Do not lie down for two to three hours after eating.
  • Avoid foods that can trigger your heartburn or GERD symptoms.
  • Talk to your health care provider about medicine that may help your GERD.

Asthma patients who report frequent heartburn should stop eating two to three hours before they go to bed, should raise the head of the bed 6 to 8 inches and may be prescribed antacid proton pump inhibitor medications for GERD by their provider. Diet modifications such as avoiding fatty foods, fried foods, spicy foods, chocolate, caffeine, peppermint or large meals may help control GERD symptoms.

Medical Review June 2019.

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