Asthma

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Asthma Medicines

There is no cure for asthma, but it can be controlled with the right treatment plan. Your treatment plan will include avoiding asthma triggers and taking certain medicines.
For proper use, talk to your health care provider or pharmacist or read the prescribing information for your medicines. The most common side effects are listed. For a full list of side effects of a medicine, visit the links under Prescribing Information.

Learn more about asthma treatments and management basics in our FREE self-paced online course for people with asthma.

Note: “Flu” is listed as a side effect for some medicines. But these medicines do NOT cause the flu. The flu is a contagious respiratory infection caused by a virus. “Flu” may be listed as a side effect because it was reported as one during a drug’s clinical trials, and the FDA requires that it be listed as it was reported. But it may mean “flu-like symptoms” or “respiratory infections.” It is very important that you take your prescribed medicines as directed and get a flu shot every year. If you have any questions about side effects, talk to your health care provider.

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America does not endorse a particular medicine or product.

  • Medicine Use

  • Type of Medicine

Found 66 Results

Levalbuterol HCl – Xopenex HFA

Levalbuterol HCl – Xopenex HFA

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Levalbuterol HCl

Brand Name: Xopenex HFA®

Medicine Use: Quick-relief

Type of Medicine: Short-acting beta agonists

Form: Metered dose inhaler

Prescribing Info: http://www.xopenex.com/

Possible Side Effects:
Itching/hives
Irregular or rapid heartbeat
Nervousness
Muscle tremors

Xopenex Inhaler

Mepolizumab – NUCALA

Mepolizumab – NUCALA

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Mepolizumab

Brand Name: NUCALA®

Medicine Use: Add-on therapy/long-term control

Type of Medicine: Biologic

Form: Injection

Prescribing Info: NUCALA (mepolizumab) injection prescribing information insertDownload PDF

Notes: NUCALA is a maintenance treatment for severe eosinophilic asthma. NUCALA is also approved for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and hypereosinophilic syndrome.

Possible Side Effects:
Headache
Injection site reactions (pain, redness, swelling, itching, or a burning feeling at the injection site)
Back pain
Tiredness (fatigue)

Notes/Resources:
Learn more about Mepolizumab in pregnancy and while breastfeeding


Methylprednisolone – Generic

Methylprednisolone – Generic

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Methylprednisolone

Brand Name: Generic

Medicine Use: Quick-relief

Type of Medicine: Oral corticosteroid

Form: Tablet

Prescribing Info:

Possible Side Effects:
Weight gain/swelling
Muscle and bone weakness
Severe stomach pain and bloating
Skin changes
Neurological changes like seizures and vertigo
Endocrine changes like slowed growth in children, diabetes, menstrual changes, and nausea
Vision problems


Methylprednisolone – Medrol

Methylprednisolone – Medrol

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Methylprednisolone

Brand Name: Medrol®

Medicine Use: Quick-relief

Type of Medicine: Oral corticosteroid

Form: Tablet

Prescribing Info: https://www.pfizer.com/products/product-detail/medrol

Possible Side Effects:
Weight gain/swelling
Muscle and bone weakness
Severe stomach pain and bloating
Skin changes
Neurological changes like seizures and vertigo
Endocrine changes like slowed growth in children, diabetes, menstrual changes, and nausea
Vision problems


Mometasone – Asmanex Twisthaler

Mometasone – Asmanex Twisthaler

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Mometasone

Brand Name: Asmanex® Twisthaler®

Medicine Use: Long-term control

Type of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid

Form: Dry powder inhaler

Prescribing Info: https://www.asmanex.com/

Possible Side Effects:
Headache
Nasal allergy symptoms
Sore throat
Upper respiratory infection
Sinus infection
Thrush
Painful menstrual periods
Muscle and bone pain
Back pain
Upset stomach

Notes/Resources:
Instructions for Use

Asmanex Twisthaler

Mometasone Furoate – Asmanex HFA

Mometasone Furoate – Asmanex HFA

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Mometasone Furoate

Brand Name: Asmanex® HFA

Medicine Use: Long-term control

Type of Medicine: Inhaled corticosteroid

Form: Metered dose inhaler

Prescribing Info: https://www.asmanex.com/

Possible Side Effects:
Inflammation of the nose and throat
Headache
Inflammation of the sinuses
Bronchitis
Flu

Notes/Resources:
Instructions for Use

Asmanex HFA inhalers

Mometasone/Formoterol – Dulera

Mometasone/Formoterol – Dulera

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Mometasone/Formoterol

Brand Name: Dulera®

Medicine Use: Long-term control, quick-relief, or both

Type of Medicine: Combination inhaled medicine

Form: Metered dose inhaler

Prescribing Info: https://www.dulera.com/

Possible Side Effects:
Nose/throat inflammation
Sinus inflammation
Headache
Flu
Upper respiratory infection

Notes/Resources:
How to Use Dulera

Note: Single Maintenance and Reliever Therapy (SMART) Combination Medicines: Quick-Relief and Controller Medicine Combined. A combination inhaler that contains both formoterol and budesonide may be used as both a quick-relief and a controller medicine. This may be prescribed to be taken daily to prevent symptoms, as needed for sudden symptoms, or both. NAs of January 2022, this is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use as a quick-relief medicine. However, the National Institutes of Health does recommend the use of Mometasone/Formoterol in a stepwise approach for asthma management (2020 Focused Updates to the Asthma Management Guidelines). 


Montelukast – Singulair

Montelukast – Singulair

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Montelukast

Brand Name: Singulair®

Medicine Use: Long-term control

Type of Medicine: Leukotriene modifiers

Form: Tablet, Chewable, Granules

Prescribing Information

Possible Side Effects:
Upper respiratory infection
Fever
Headache
Sore throat
Cough
Stomach pain
Diarrhea
Earache or ear infection
Flu
Runny nose
Sinus infection

Note: Montelukast (brand name SINGULAIR®) can cause serious side effects, like behavior and mood related changes. Montelukast has a black box warning. This is a safety warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This means you need to be aware of a drug’s side effects or important instructions for safe use of the drug. We encourage you to speak with your health care provider before, during, and after the start of any new medicine. If your doctor recommends montelukast, talk with them about possible risks and concerns.

Notes/Resources:
Medication Guide
Learn more about Montelukast in pregnancy and while breastfeeding

AirDuo Respiclick dry powder inhaler

Omalizumab – XOLAIR

Omalizumab – XOLAIR

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Omalizumab

Brand Name: XOLAIR®

Medicine Use: Add-on therapy/long-term control

Type of Medicine: Biologic

Form: Injection

Prescribing Info: XOLAIR (omalizumab) injection prescribing information insertDownload PDF

Notes: XOLAIR is a maintenance treatment for moderate-to-severe allergic asthma. XOLAIR is also approved for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis and chronic spontaneous urticaria (chronic hives).

Possible Side Effects:
Fever
Muscle aches
Joint pain
Dizziness
Tiredness (fatigue)
Bone fractures
Itching
Skin rash
Ear pain or discomfort
Headache
Nose, throat, or sinus swelling
Stomach pain
Throat infection
Ear infection
Nose bleeds

You may experience other side effects if you have chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps or chronic spontaneous urticaria. For more information, please see the XOLAIR prescribing information

Xolair bottle asthma medicine

Prednisolone – Econopred

Prednisolone – Econopred

/ Asthma / Asthma Treatment / Asthma Medicines

Drug Name: Prednisolone

Brand Name: Econopred®

Medicine Use: Quick-relief

Type of Medicine: Oral corticosteroid

Form: Dissolving tablet, Liquid

Prescribing Info:

Possible Side Effects:
Weight gain/swelling
Increased appetite
Behavioral and mood changes
Blood sugar changes
High blood pressure


References

Medical Review August 2018.

Asthma zones signs and symptoms

Asthma Care for Adults
Knowing how to manage asthma is important for better health and quality of life. We offer an online course called ASTHMA Care for Adults. This comprehensive program covers a full range of topics everyone with asthma needs to know. This self-paced online course is presented in different formats, such as videos, animations, handouts and more.